Today the planet has become a worldwide village in each sense, even the diseases don’t have any boundaries the diseases will unfold from one a part of the planet to the opposite in little time.
A new threat to the Human health has emerged in form of a deadly disease referred to as coronavirus. A coronavirus is a kind of virus that causes respiratory illness like symptoms. It had killed many people within the year 2003. Currently the virus has emerged during as a more severe kind and it has already killed and infected plenty of individuals.
On Dec thirty first 2019, World Health Organization (WHO) was reported of many cases of respiratory disorder in city Wuhan of China. Things got tense once the virus failed to match the other virus known. Because when we do not know a virus, we do not have its cure neither we’ve got any plan of however the new virus affects the individuals. A week later the virus was recognized as coronavirus that’s a family of viruses that causes the respiratory illness.
Identification of Coronavirus
The coronavirus is a group of viruses, these were initially found in 1937 in bird bronchi infection. They had the tendency to destroy the poultry farms. Later it had been found that the coronavirus have an effect on horses, turkeys, Oxen and different mammals. In 1960 the human coronavirus was isolated, from the nose of patients with respiratory illness.
Taxonomy of Coronavirus
Corona Virus belongs to the family Coronaviridae and it’s enclosed within the phylum Incertae Sedis. It’s a bunch of viruses that have an effect on the mammals and birds. Recently the virus has begun to have an effect on the humans in People’s Republic of China.
Structure of Coronavirus
The Virus are often known with its voluted capsid, enveloped structure and single stranded ribonucleic acid ordering. Its name comes from Latin word Corona which means crown, it’s therefore referred to as a result of its crown like look beneath microscope.
Types of Coronavirus
Depending on the severity of illness, there are six kinds of coronaviruses that are found until date. These embody
- HKU1 (beta coronavirus)
- NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
- 229E (alpha coronavirus)
- OC43 (beta coronavirus)
More severe and dangerous types that are making a mayhem currently embody,
- Middle East metabolic process Syndrome inflicting MERS-CoV
- Severe acute metabolic process syndrome inflicting SARS-CoV
The coronavirus is probably going to have an effect on humans in winter and spring seasons. It’s a deadly disease that causes common cold and extreme respiratory illness. The symptoms embody cough, fever and shortness of breath. In severe cases it will cause respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia, kidney failure and eventually causes death.
Viruses will spread in numerous ways, some viruses are terribly contagious and transmit very easily whereas others are less contagious. Coronavirus will unfold from person to person, chiefly once an infected person sneezes or coughs close to a healthy individual. it’s vital to notice that the coronavirus is a virus that have an effect on animals, birds and humans. These viruses can transmit from animals to humans.
The deadly illness has reportedly infected 5,974 individuals in China and deaths are inflated to 172 until twenty ninth of January, 2020. According to the Ministry Of Health Pakistan there is no Case of corona virus reported in any city of Pakistan. Till today Pakistan is safe from this deadly infection. On the other hand four Pakistani students are infected by this virus in Wuhan city of china.
Efforts to manage the Virus
Seeing the death rate rising exponentially within the friendly neighbor country China, Government of Pakistan has issued associate order to the authorities to unfold awareness and take preventative measures to prevent the unfold of virus furthermore the United States of America has two confirmed cases of the virus and they’ve began to take precautionary measures.
Laboratory testing is employed for the aim of diagnosis of the illness. Respiratory specimen as well as mucous secretion from the nose or blood sample is employed to discover coronavirus, PCR is additionally a good and commercially accessible technique for identification.
It is feared that if preventative measures aren’t adopted on the correct time the virus might get very harmful and extremely troublesome to rule out. In Pakistan Government has established a system at airports to ascertain the passengers diverting the country for coronavirus, testing kits will reach Pakistan in few hours from China.
Tips to forestall the illness
Following measures should be adopted;
- Wear a mask
- Avoid shut contact with somebody suspected to be stricken by the virus.
- Use a tissue or napkin to hide your mouth when coughing or sneezing.
- Don’t travel when you are sick.
- Keep your hands clean.
Talking regarding the treatment for the deadly virus, we tend to presently don’t have any cure for it and treatment includes taking care of yourself therefore when you are unwell, pain killers and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or Ibuprofen should be used, taking rest and overexertion are to be avoided.