Ottoman Empire was the system of the caliphate that started in the 14th century. it was a source of strong Muslim empowerment as the empire controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia, and NorthAfrica. Osman I or Osman Ghazi who belonged to Kayi Tribe was the leader of the Ottoman Empire and founded it around 1299. It is believed that Osman had a dream during his early youth He saw that a moon arose from the holy man’s breast and came to sink in his breast. A tree then sprouted from his navel and its shade compassed the world. Beneath this shade there were mountains, and streams flowed from which some people drank water and some used it for their gardens. According to his religious leader, Osman’s upcoming power was symbolized in his dreams that will transfer through his generations. The dream became the mythical basis for his later powerful empire and 600 years ottomans ruled the world as most thunderous and Mighty empire. Ottoman Empire came to an end in 1922 and was replaced by the Turkish republic.
Ottoman Empire kept on expanding until more than 40 states were under Muslim control. They flourished in fields of art, science, architecture, culture, philosophy, astronomy and had a powerful military.
FALL OF OTTOMAN EMPIRE:
Ottoman Empire started declining at the start of World War I. Ottomans entered the war in 1914 and were defeated in 1918.
Ottoman Empire came to an end by an official ‘’TREATY OF LASSAUNE” that was signed between Ottomans and the Allied French Republic, British Empire, Kingdom of Italy, Empire of Japan, Kingdom of Greece, and the Kingdom of Romania. According to this Treaty, the Caliphate Empire of Turkey was converted into a secular state. This limited the expansion of Muslims and they lost their control as a result of which forty independent states were formed. Turkey gave up all claims to the remainder of the Ottoman Empire and in return, the Allies recognized Turkish sovereignty within its new borders. This Treaty of Lausanne was signed in Lausanne, Switzerland, on 24 July 1923 during the conference of 1922-23 and the document was originally in the French language.
According to the treaty, turkey lost its control over oil resources as well as the Turkish straits between the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea were declared open to all shipping moreover turkey was prohibited collecting tax from the ships passing through the respective sea. The caliph of that time was exiled from the country along with his family and all his processions were confiscated.
The Treaty of Lausanne resulted in the international recognition of the sovereignty of the “New Republic of Turkey” as the successor state of the discontinued Ottoman Empire. When the allies made it clear they planned to leave the empire with nothing in 1918, it led to renewed fighting in which troops under Mustafa Kamal Ataturk defeated European forces to establish Turkey as it exists today. He was a Turkish field marshal and founder of Republic of Turkey. He managed to establish Turkey in a secular state after the tragic loss of Ottoman Empire.